Few people know that cotton is the most widely used natural fiber in the world. We come into con-tact with textiles many times daily: the cotton is in the clothes we wear, the sheets on which we sleep, the diapers we put on our children.
It is very popular thanks to its competitive cost and to some properties that make it unique in many sectors. Thanks to them, it is particularly suitable for children, but it is also “the favourite” by adults, because it is very versatile.
In fact it can be transformed into different types of fabrics such as: velvet, lace, jersey, and many others.
To make its products, Øldberg uses only the finest cottons, Egyptian and Peruvian, which are very fine, tough and shining. It never uses Indian cottons, which are more coarse, or the fibers obtained in the laboratory such as polyamide and polyesters, which are toxic to the skin.
Before choosing cotton to make their garments, Øldberg classifies raw materials by levels: from the finest, “fine district middling”, to the poorer ones, “low ordinary middling”, depending on the origin and variety of cultivation. Other important factors are: the “degree“, that is the absence of impuri-ties, the “character“, the frequency of natural twistings and “the tenacity”, that is the ability to ab-sorb deformation energy. Last but not least, we take into consideration the fineness, the spinning cohesion and the length of “bast fiber“, the average size of the flock.
WHERE DOES OUR COTTON CAME FROM?
Øldberg cotton is obtained from herbaceous plants, typical of tropical and subtropical areas characterized by warm climates and very fertile soils. These plants produce large yellow flowers from which born fruits containing various seeds wrapped in the bambagia. After being collected with suction machines, the bambagia is shucked with special machines to free it from the seeds and then subjected to carding. Then the shorter fibers and the impurities are eliminated through the combing. Each cotton plant produces from 200 to 500 fruits. The cotton seeds, after being separated from the bambagia, are treated with solvents to obtain cotton oil, used in human and animal food, as well as for the production of soap and candles.
Cotton was first grown in India around 1200, then it was introduced in China and Egypt. Subse-quently, only in the eighteenth century, England began the cultivation of cotton and thanks to the first machines for spinning and weaving, cotton was imposed on the world market at prices much lower than those of wool. With the development of the cotton industry, its production grew world-wide, thus becoming the fabric of our life.
Iconographic source: wikipedia